Investigation into the control strategy for a long spine of Edinburgh Duck modules, using an efficient numerical model
An efficient numerical model of a spine of ten Edinburgh duck modules is developed. The spine joints and duck modules are modelled using a linear approach based on the theory of generalized modes, which mitigates the need for a more computationally expensive time- domain solver. This approach also allows for computation of the shear forces acting on the spine joints, and has the added benefit of enabling the use of complex conjugate control. The resulting hydrodynamic model is verified for a three duck spine against an alternative implementation that uses a nonlinear multibody solver to enforce the joint motions. A conservative weighted motion constraint is imposed on the controlled degrees of freedom of the ten duck spine, in order to ensure results stay within the bounds of the linear theory. Pertinent sections of the theory underpinning the constrained complex conjugate control method are elaborated upon for the case in which not all degrees of freedom are controlled. An implementation of this control method for a solo duck is compared against a result from the literature, in order to confirm the suitability of the choice of duck design in this study. The control force coefficients that maximise the absorbed power, subject to the motion constraint, are computed for the ten duck spine over a range of wave periods and wave heading angles. The resulting dynamics of the spine of ducks are explored, with particular emphasis on aspects related to the power extraction and forces acting within the system.
Copyright (c) 2020 Alfred Cotten, David I. M. Forehand
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